The article explains whether CBD improves sleeping disorder in an individual. It explains that by answering the following questions; What is CBD? What are the types of sleeping disorders? How to use CBD for sleep? How does CBD react with ECS for sleep? What are the potential benefits of CBD to your sleep. What precautions and side effects of using CBD as an aid for sleep problems?
CBD has been an up-and-comer in the health and medical sector for a while now. Since it is a non-psychoactive compound, it is used to treat issues ranging from anxiety and sleep problems to pain and hyperactivity conditions. In every ten people, there is a high probability have four have sleeping problems due to stress, pain, or even work-related issues. In the last decade, there has been growing public interest in the benefits of marijuana and CBD in curing sleeping disorders. A high dosage of this compound, without a doubt, can support quality sleep. In addition, unlike other sleeping medications, CBD isn't addictive nor has many undesirable side effects.
What is CBD?
Maccarrone et al. (2017) stated that CBD is a chemical compound extracted from the cannabis plant and has various health benefits. When used, it attaches itself to certain body receptors in the central nervous system and acts as neurotransmitters, thus helping combat symptoms like sleeping disorders. Unlike cannabinoids like tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), CBD has no high sensation after use since it is psychoactive. Companies that manufacture CBD products use different methods of extraction, meaning that varying diffusion results in three different types of CBD which can be used to treat sleeping problems;
Broad-spectrum CBD. It contains the most compound of the cannabis plant, including THC.
Full-spectrum CBD. It contains all parts of the cannabis plant; however, it has less than 0.3% of THC.
CBD isolates. It is the purest type since it only contains CBD with no cannabinoids. Products made from this type of CBD may produce little or no side effects. It is best suited to reduce any sleeping disorders.
Types of Sleeping Disorders
Esposito & Belli (2020) stated that sleeping disorders are health conditions that affect the duration and quality of sleep. It can significantly impact one's quality of life and overall health. There are many types of sleeping disorders, but the most common include:
Insomnia- is the most common. It is characterized by one being unable to get enough sleep to feel rested, making yawn all day. If the problem becomes long-term, it refers to chronic insomnia, which may lead to some mental issues.
Sleep and snoring apnea-snoring is harmless since you snore because your throat is closing while you sleep. However, sleep apnea is chronic snoring that occasionally wakes you up. With apnea, you stop breathing multiple times for 10 seconds or even longer, making the body pull you out of sleep.
Parasomnias- include sleepwalking, sleep eating, sleep sex, and sleep, terrors. There are abnormal sleep behaviors that occur during some specific stages of sleep.
Sleep paralysis. It is characterized with unable to move during the period of sleeping and waking up.
It is a sleeping disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness.
It is a chronic pain condition closely related to sleep problems; thus, health care providers consider it a sleeping disorder.
How to Use CBD for Sleep?
Winiger et al. (2021) explained ways to use the compound for sleep purposes. There are many ways to take CBD for sleep. It depends on the form of CBD you prefer and the problem at hand. The most common used CBD forms and ways to consume them for sleep are explained below:
CBD oils are organic and best suited for treating health issues. It involves the user placing it under the tongue and then swallowing. It can also involve putting it in food and beverages to avoid oily flavor.
CBD topical. People with sleeping problems due to skin conditions or muscle or joint pain tend to use these forms of CBD. It involves rubbing directly to the desired area to relieve pain and also bring the condition of relaxation. These topicals include cream, lotions, and tinctures.
It is the edible form of CBD, which involves taking it orally. It may be sweet. It comes in different shapes, flavors, and potencies.
Vaping CBD and sprays. It is extracted in vapor form using the vaping pen. It is inhaled directly to help in health benefits like improving sleep and taken orally by spraying the CBD into the mouth tissue for easy absorption. It gets into the system faster than other forms, but it may cause some respiratory risks.
Pills and capsules. These are the main form found by pharmacists and the counter, and taken orally using a glass of water or any drink.
CBD dosage depends on body weight, personal body metabolism, medication at hand, and nature of one sleeping troubles or type of sleeping disorder.
Helps the Endocannabinoid System (ECS) Maintain Body Balance
The ECS system comprises two major parts; endocannabinoids compound and receptors. The two alleviate sleep in people with this disorder. In some cases, some people may have endocannabinoid deficiency, sleeping problems may be the resulting problem. CBD helps produce these compounds, and it binds itself to the receptors (CB1) to tackle sleeping problems caused by emotional instability such as anxiety and fear. This help to stay balanced and thus promotes calmness, a good environment for good sleeping quality
CBD Acts as an Anti-depressant and Antianxiety
People suffering from depression and anxiety tend to have trouble falling asleep. Research shows that CBD has a positive impact on people who have depression issues. It interacts with serotonin receptors in the patient brain. Low serotonin levels are associated with depression. CBD doesn't boost the level of receptors but affects how your brain receptors respond to serotonin already in the system.
Some sleeping disorder, such as Fibromyalgia, is associated with pain. In addition, it becomes a problem for one to fall asleep when under chronic pains. People tend to use medications such as painkillers to cure the situation; however, some medications may be addictive or have undesirable side effects. CBD has limited side effects and also is a non-addictive compound. it also has anti-inflammatory properties; hence it helps in reducing muscle or joints pain in its users
Improves Mental Health
Mental disorders can cause sleeping problems. For example, people who have ADHD have problems falling asleep. CBD improves the feeling of relaxation in the body due to its calming effects. It alleviates mental health disorder symptoms like impulsivity, inattentiveness, and hyperactivity.
The majority of people worldwide are struggling to maintain a good living standard. Therefore, anxiety and depression may occur in the process resulting in sleeping problems such as insomnia and narcolepsy. CBD can control the sleeping disorders symptoms, improving health and body performance. It is better than other medications since it is not addictive or psychoactive. In addition, other medications have undesirable side effects, such as chronic headaches, while using CBD products at optimum dosage has few side effects. It makes it more famous in the health fields and increases the production of the supplement.
Esposito, D., Belli, A., Ferri, R., & Bruni, O. (2020). Sleeping without prescription: management of sleep disorders in children with autism with non-pharmacological interventions and over-the-counter treatments. Brain Sciences, 10(7), 441.
Maccarrone, M., Maldonado, R., Casas, M., Henze, T., & Centonze, D. (2017). Cannabinoids therapeutic use: what is our current understanding following the introduction of THC, THC: CBD oromucosal spray, and others?. Expert review of clinical pharmacology, 10(4), 443-455.
Winiger, E. A., Hitchcock, L. N., Bryan, A. D., & Bidwell, L. C. (2021). Cannabis use and sleep: expectations, outcomes, and the role of age. Addictive behaviors, 112, 106642.
Moltke, J., & Hindocha, C. (2021). Reasons for cannabidiol use: a cross-sectional study of CBD users, focusing on self-perceived stress, anxiety, and sleep problems. Journal of cannabis research, 3(1), 1-12.