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Hemp CBD Oil, One Step Closer to Legalization in Ohio

September 01, 2022 4 min read

Hemp CBD Oil, One Step Closer to Legalization in Ohio

Hemp CBD Oil, One Step Closer to Legalization in Ohio

The 2018 US Farm Bill classified CBD as a food supplement, effectively legalizing it. However, some states like Ohio did not adopt the plant immediately. This article highlights the legality of Hemp CBD oil in Ohio.

In 2018, the United States Federal government declassified CBD as a Scheduled one substance, effectively making it legal for use under certain provisions. The law allowed for commercial production of CBD through extraction from the hemp plant. In addition, the bill put a limit on the amount allowed for tetrahydrocannabinol, THC, a psychoactive compound, to only 0.3%. In addition, CBD was legalized because it does not exhibit addiction or psychoactive effects. Ongoing research shows that CBD is useful in treating various mental health issues. As such, the FDA approved Epidiolex to treat Parkinson's disease. Below is a discussion about the law process in Ohio to make hemp and CBD oil legal.

Is CBD Currently Legal In Ohio

Hemp and marijuana have distinct levels of the two main cannabinoids, CBD and THC. Hemp naturally includes a high level of CBD and minimal traces of THC (up to 0.3 percent), so using products made from this variety of cannabis won't get you high (Evans, 2020). Contrarily, the THC level of marijuana is higher, and the CBD content fluctuates depending on the strain. Cannabis-derived CBD oils can get users high and are subject to varying legal treatment in Ohio. 2016 saw the signing of House Bill 523 by Governor John Kasich, making Ohio the 25th state to legalize medical marijuana. Brunetti et al. (2020) observed that here have been significant advancements since the US senate passed the 2018 Farm Bill, declassifying hemp from schedule one substances

Current Legal Processes to Legalize CBD from Hemp

CBD for adult use has moved a step closer to legalization in Ohio. On August 30th, 2021, and the Ohio Ballot Board approved CBD usage. The measure would make it legal or adults 21 years and older to cultivate, own, and buy hemp for personal use. The proposed statute's main clauses include:

  • Individuals living in Ohio can purchase and possess CBD and other hemp derivatives for personal and commercial use.
  • Individuals staying in Ohio can grow up to six plants inside their homes.
  • It would levy a 10% tax on adult CBD sales in addition to regular state and local sales tax rules.
  • It would permit existing medical CBD operators to expand their cultivation output and additional dispensaries to serve the increased demand for CBD and its products.
  • Authorize issuance of additional hemp cultivation and retail licenses.

Through Ohio's initiated statute procedure, the Coalition hopes to have its proposal approved Ohio Ballot Board will need to approve the petition before it can be submitted to the General Assembly.The Coalition has moved on to the next stage of the initiated statute process. After receiving, it must gather over 133,000 signatures from registered voters across the state. Proposals for new legislation in Ohio can be submitted to the General Assembly through the Ohio Attorney General's office by sending the full text of the proposed legislation and synopsis, and 1,000 signatures in support of the proposal, to the Attorney General for certification. At least 44 of Ohio's 88 counties must provide signatures. For each county, the Coalition must gather enough signatures to equal at least 1.5 percent of the votes cast in that county for governor in the most recent gubernatorial election.The General Assembly will have four months to act on the proposed statute after the Coalition gathers the needed signatures. The Coalition will have the chance to gather more signatures and put the idea on the general election ballot in November 2022 if the General Assembly rejects the proposed law or alters it.

Is There a Likely Hood That CBD and Hemp Derivatives to Be Made Illegal

Currently, few local laws distinguish between hemp and other goods derived from the cannabis plant (such as marijuana). In truth, most definitions state that marijuana includes "all elements of a cannabis plant, whether growing or not." These local rules may include hemp because, according to state law, hemp is "the plant Cannabis sativa L" and marijuana is made up of all elements of the cannabis genus (Adesso et al., 2019). Therefore, even if the governor approves Senate Bill 57, would hemp (and the CBD oil derived from it) be prohibited in some local communities? The likelihood is a “NO". Local ordinances typically follow the Ohio Revised Code and merely classify marijuana as a prohibited substance in general. "restricted substance" is defined as "a drug, compound, mixture, preparation, or substance included in Schedule I, II, III, IV, or V established under Ohio R.C. 3719.41" in local codes. Senate Bill 57 eliminates hemp off the Revised Code's schedule, which automatically exempts hemp products from many local codes' definitions of banned substances (Clark, 2022). Local bans on CBD will probably no longer be enforced after Senate Bill 57 goes into effect, even if this is not the case in a particular locality.


The legalization of hemp and its derivatives in Ohio can bring CBD one step closer to your doorstep. This can pave the way for more manufacturers to open up their stores in Ohio and put an end to substandard CBD products. Currently, getting quality CBD from online stores is easier because many suppliers take advantage of locals. Therefore, its legalization would reduce local store prices. However, before using CBD and its constituents, it is advisable to consult a doctor for proper guidelines.


Adesso, M., Laser, P., & Mills, A. (2019). An Overview Of Industrial Hemp Law In The

United States. UDC/DCSL L. Rev., 22, 85.

Britch, S. C., Babalonis, S., & Walsh, S. L. (2021). Cannabidiol: Pharmacology And

Therapeutic Targets. Psychopharmacology, 238(1), 9-28.

Clark, A. R. (2022). Cannabidiol In Gummies: Determination Of Effective Solvent-Based             Extraction Methods (Doctoral Dissertation, Bowling Green State University).

Evans, J. (2020). The Ultimate Guide To CBD: Explore The World Of Cannabidiol. Fair

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