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IS CBD OIL LEGAL IN ALL 50 US STATES?

September 07, 2022 6 min read

IS CBD OIL LEGAL IN ALL 50 US STATES?

IS CBD OIL LEGAL IN ALL 50 US STATES?

CBD, or cannabidiol, is currently legal in different US states for medical and recreational purposes. Still, some states have decided to retain their restrictions concerning its usage. This article will explain whether CBD oil is legal in all 50 states.

Congress passed the Farm Bill in 2018. This legislation aimed to remove hemp from the legal definition of marijuana, as it was determined hemp compounds (except THC) are generally non-psychoactive. Therefore, cannabidiol was made legal under federal law. Interestingly, some states have not legalized it, while others have developed laws regulating its usage. These rules may include using cannabidiol with less than 0.3% THC and using CBD only for medical purposes. This article will provide some American states where cannabidiol is completely legal and those where CBD is only legal for medical purposes. Furthermore, the article will explain the types of cannabidiol commonly used in such states.

CBD vs. THC

VanDolah et al. (2019) suggested that CBD is an organic compound obtained from cannabis sativa or hemp. It is one of the over 100 compounds in this plant, known as cannabinoids. Cannabidiol is one of the most popular cannabinoids because of its several therapeutic effects. Moreover, one can freely consume cannabidiol without experiencing psychoactive effects. Despite cannabidiol being different from its cousin tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), most people confuse them and presume cannabidiol causes effects similar to THC. However, one should note that THC brings the 'high' feeling while cannabidiol does not have such an effect. The only instance when cannabidiol can cause the effect is when the two are combined at higher levels, yielding full-spectrum cannabidiol.

Types of CBD

It is important to know CBD types as they enable one to choose effectively while investigating their effects. CBD formulations include full-spectrum CBD, CBD isolate, and broad-spectrum CBD. They can be identified according to the constituent compounds and level of THC.

CBD Isolate

This is the purest type of cannabidiol that contains only CBD since all other cannabinoids and chemical compounds are extracted from it. According to Weston-Green et al. (2021), CBD isolate does not have an earthy odor or weird taste, making it suitable for first-time cannabidiol consumers. However, one should note that it is not recommended for individuals who want to experience heightened effects. If you want to begin using pure CBD without experiencing any psychoactive effects, CBD isolate does the trick.

Full-Spectrum CBD

It comprises most cannabis compounds with at least 0.3% THC. This type of cannabidiol makes one feel 'high' whenever consumed and may lead to addiction. However, according to Maayah et al. (2020), full-spectrum CBD has the most applications of all types of cannabidiol; hence suitable for those who want to experience heightened therapeutic effects of CBD.

Broad-Spectrum

It consists of most cannabis compounds, except THC. It is, therefore, not associated with a 'high' sensation, making it suitable for those who want to benefit from cannabidiol without experiencing intoxicating or euphoric effects. It can alleviate chronic pain, treat cancer symptoms, and reduce anxiety. Both regular and first-time cannabidiol consumers can go for this type.

Is CBD legal in all US States?

As the use of CBD products is steadily rising, America emerges as a country exploiting its use in different ways. Most people in the US are familiar with cannabidiol and have no problems using it. However, some states in America have not legalized cannabidiol, which may have legal consequences for anyone caught using it.

States Which Have Legalized CBD

For Medical Purposes

  1. Alaska.
  2. Carolina.
  • Colorado.
  1. Florida.
  2. Kansas.
  3. Georgia.
  1. Massa chutes.
  2. Indiana.
  3. Delaware.
  1. West Virginia.

For Medical and Recreational Purposes

  1. New Dakota.
  2. New Dakota.
  3. New Mexico.
  4. New York.

How To Administer CBD

There are different ways one can enjoy the benefits of cannabidiol, depending on their preferences. The forms of cannabidiol include oils, tinctures, capsules, gummies, creams, and lotions.

Topical Applications

It involves applying CBD-infused topical products such as creams and lotions on the skin. One should put the amount recommended by the doctor on the hand and allow it to melt from the heat gained by the hand. This is followed by careful and firm rubbing on the affected part until the effect is felt. It is suitable for individuals who may want a long-term effect. Furthermore, it helps reduce skin inflammation and alleviate joint pains.

Sublingual or Oral Applications

It involves enjoying cannabidiol by ingesting it or administering it sublingually. In addition, it is one of the fastest ways of experiencing CBD's therapeutic effects since reaching the bloodstream takes a shorter time. However, it may be unsuitable for first-time consumers since its compounds may have an earthy flavor.

Inhaling

It can apply with CBD vape pens, which convert CBD vape oil to vapor inhaled into the lungs, and absorbed into the bloodstream. It is the fastest way of enjoying cannabidiol but requires one to be very careful since excessive vaping may damage the lungs.

Benefits of CBD

According to Magadzire et al. (2016), CBD has analgesic properties that alleviate several chronic pains.

According to Khalsa et al. (2021), CBD has anti-depressive properties that reduce high stress and anxiety levels.

Tajik et al. (2022) suggested that CBD can be used to relieve side effects caused by cancer treatment.

According to Černe et al. (2020), CBD has anti-emetic properties that improve gastrointestinal health.

Kuhathasan et al. (2019) suggested that CBD improves sleep by reducing high anxiety levels, thus increasing energy levels and improving cardiovascular health.

Possible Side Effects of CBD

  • Dry mouth.
  • According to Teitelbaum et al. (2019), CBD causes fatigue.
  • It interferes with other medications, such as heart rhythm medications and antihistamines.
  • It causes insomnia if poorly used.

Conclusion

Many people are eager to use cannabidiol to treat different conditions, so it's no surprise that more people are calling for its legalization in several states. In America, CBD is highly considered due to its various therapeutic benefits. However, some states in America have restricted cannabidiol use or have instead illegalized it. Therefore, people who plan to travel to any American state should know beforehand whether CBD is legalized or restricted. Consequently, people using cannabidiol should know its benefits and side effects as they form the background of what drives people to opt for CBD. Remember to read the customer reviews and check the hemp source and extraction methods when purchasing CBD products.

References

Černe, K. (2020). Toxicological properties of Δ-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol. Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology, 71(1), 1-11.

Johnson, J. R., Lossignol, D., Burnell-Nugent, M., & Fallon, M. T. (2013). An open-label extension study investigates the long-term safety and tolerability of THC/CBD oromucosal spray and oromucosal THC spray in patients with terminal cancer-related pain refractory to strong opioid analgesics. Journal of Pain and symptom management, 46(2), 207-218.

Khalsa, J. H., Bunt, G., Maggirwar, S. B., & Kottilil, S. (2021). COVID-19 and cannabidiol (CBD). Journal of Addiction Medicine, 15(5), 355.

 

Kuhathasan, N., Dufort, A., MacKillop, J., Gottschalk, R., Minuzzi, L., & Frey, B. N. (2019). The use of cannabinoids for sleep: A critical review on clinical trials. Experimental and clinical psychopharmacology, 27(4), 383.

Maayah, Z. H., Takahara, S., Ferdaoussi, M., & Dyck, J. R. (2020). The molecular mechanisms that underpin the biological benefits of full-spectrum cannabis extract in the treatment of neuropathic pain and inflammation. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)-Molecular Basis of Disease, 1866(7), 165771.

Magadzire, B. P., Marchal, B., & Ward, K. (2016). Novel models to improve access to medicines for chronic diseases in South Africa: an analysis of stakeholder perspectives on community-based distribution models. Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice, 9(1), 1-12.

Tajik, T., Baghaei, K., Moghadam, V. E., Farrokhi, N., & Salami, S. A. (2022). Extracellular vesicles of cannabis with high CBD content induce anticancer signaling in human hepatocellular carcinoma. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, 152, 113209.

Teitelbaum, J. (2019). A hemp oil, CBD, and marijuana primer: powerful pain, insomnia, and anxiety-relieving tools. Altern. Ther. Health Med, 25, 21-23.

VanDolah, H. J., Bauer, B. A., & Mauck, K. F. (2019, September). Clinicians' guide to cannabidiol and hemp oils. In Mayo Clinic Proceedings (Vol. 94, No. 9, pp. 1840-1851). Elsevier.

Weston-Green, K., Clunas, H., & Jimenez Naranjo, C. (2021). A review of the potential use of pinene and linalool as terpene-based medicines for brain health: Discovering novel therapeutics in the flavors and fragrances of cannabis. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 12, 583211.