Hemp has been used in industries like textile for some time. With the approval of cannabidiol products, most people refer to CBD oil as hemp oil, often confused with hemp seed oil. This article explains the difference between hemp oil and CBD oil.
Hemp and CBD oil are both products of the cannabis plant. The hemp plant has been used for many years for its fiber and clothing. Since the approval of cannabidiol in medicinal and supplementary use, most people have become interested in the benefits of the products. CBD is available in different forms, including oil. Some people refer to CBD oil as hemp oil. The confusing bit is that hemp seed oil can also be referred to as hemp oil.
Cannabis Sativa Plant
Johnson (2019)explained that marijuana and hemp are both varieties of the cannabis sativa plant. These varieties are classified depending on their genetic properties and chemical composition. Products are extracted from the plant's leaves, flowers, buds, stalks, and seeds. These products contain different beneficial compounds. Compounds of the cannabis plant are called cannabinoids. Most known cannabinoids include delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, THC and cannabidiol, CBD. Non-cannabinoid compounds include flavonoids, terpenes, alkaloids, and phenols. These phytochemicals have been studied to have various health benefits. Hemp seed oil and CBD oil differ in where they are extracted from the plant.
Hemp Seed Oil
Hemp seed oil is extracted from the seeds of the cannabis sativa plant. The seeds are compressed the same way olive oil is made. Once extracted, the oil is stored in a dark place for processing. The seed oil contains a nutty flavor and may contain THC and CBD depending on the extraction method. The legal amount of THC in hemp seed oil for consumption should be 0.03%.
Rupasinghe et al. (2020) stated that hemp has long been used as a source of fiber, rope, paper, and fuel. People use hemp seed oil for cooking, salads, and beauty products. Industrial uses of hemp oil include paint, varnish, and plastic flooring.
Benefits of Hemp seed oil
Rupasinghe et al. (2020)explained that hemp seed oil contains vitamins and minerals. It is full of omega 3 and 6 fatty acids. These contribute to skin health, reducing pain and inflammation, cardiovascular health, and maintaining healthy blood pressure. The hemp seed oil contains vitamins such as magnesium, potassium, zinc, iron, calcium, and sulfur.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the active compounds of the cannabis plant. CBD is present in both hemp and marijuana plants. It is extracted from the plant's flowers, buds, and stalks. Marijuana is illegal in most places, and most CBD oil is extracted from the hemp plant. Hemp-based CBD oil should contain no more than 0.3% of THC.
How is CBD Oil Made?
CBD is extracted from the hemp plant using processes such as carbon dioxide or ethanol to form dense products with high CBD content. These products can then be made into vapes, gummies, or oil. CBD oil is made of CBD infused in carrier oils. These carrier oils include MCT from coconut or palm, olive, and hemp seed oil.
Types of CBD Oil
CBD oil products are in 3 different types depending on the extraction method. CBD oil comes in the following compositions:
Full-spectrum CBD oil
This CBD oil has all the other naturally occurring compounds and cannabinoids in the plant. It includes THC and other cannabinoids that cause a high feeling.
Broad-spectrum CBD oil
This product contains other natural compounds, such as full-spectrum CBD oil but has THC removed. It may not cause one to get high but has an entourage effect.
Isolate CBD oil
This type of extract contains pure CBD with no other compounds. This extract is mainly derived from the hemp plant's flowers, leaves, and stems. Isolate CBD oil does not make one high but feels good and relaxing.
Uses of CBD Oil
Users can apply CBD oil topically or orally. Different products such as creams, lotions, and topicals contain CBD oil. Most people use CBD oil to help with pain management, sleep, anxiety, and stress.
Benefits of CBD Oil
CBD has various benefits. It works with the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in the human body and is responsible for maintaining homeostasis and the normal functioning of body organs. Lowe et al. (2021) explained that the ECS has receptors responsible for maintaining body heat, mood, temperature, and muscle repair. Fernández‐Ruiz et al. (2013) stated that CBD has antiemetic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anxiolytic properties. It makes it beneficial in alleviating pain, inflammation, anxiety, and stress. CBD oil has also been used to help with sleep and insomnia. CBD is helpful in neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular conditions, and weight management. CBD has also been used to help with cancer-related side effects.
How To Tell If You Are Buying CBD or Hemp seed oil
Since hemp seed and CBD oil are extracted from the same plant, some sellers might dupe customers into buying hemp seed oil in the name of CBD oil. Other companies also sell marijuana CBD oil as hemp-based. The following are tips to tell the right and quality product:
One of the important things before buying a product is to check the ingredients. Hemp seed oil will be written as cannabis sativa seed oil. On the other hand, CBD oil is listed as cannabidiol, hemp oil, full-spectrum hemp, or Phyto cannabinoid-rich hemp extract. The CBD potency in the container should also be clearly labeled.
Checking company reviews from other customers will let one know the reputability of the products. Consumer research is vital to tell if the company is approved to produce and sell CBD products.
Products must undergo third-party testing to verify the composition of CBD in the products and if they are safe to use. Products that have been tested will have a certificate of approval on the labels. It will show that they are genuine and of good quality.
CBD and hemp seed oil are both extracts of the cannabis sativa plant. Sometimes CBD oil can be referred to as hemp oil. Most people confuse this with hemp seed oil. While hemp seed oil is extracted from the plant's seeds, CBD oil is extracted from the flower buds. These oils have different compositions and multiple benefits. They can both be applied topically or used orally. One needs to be careful and check the product's ingredients, especially when buying CBD oil, not to confuse it with hemp seed oil. One should also check reviews online and the product label for a certificate of approval.
Fernández‐Ruiz, J., Sagredo, O., Pazos, M. R., García, C., Pertwee, R., Mechoulam, R., & Martínez‐Orgado, J. (2013). Cannabidiol for neurodegenerative disorders: important new clinical applications for this phytocannabinoid?. British journal of clinical pharmacology, 75(2), 323-333.
Johnson, R. (2019). Defining hemp: a fact sheet. Congressional Research Service, 44742.
Lowe, H., Toyang, N., Steele, B., Bryant, J., & Ngwa, W. (2021). The endocannabinoid system: A potential target for the treatment of various diseases. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 22(17), 9472.
Rupasinghe, H. V., Davis, A., Kumar, S. K., Murray, B., & Zheljazkov, V. D. (2020). Industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa subsp. sativa) is an emerging source of value-added functional food ingredients and nutraceuticals. Molecules, 25(18), 4078.