Most people confuse hemp oil and CBD since they are derived from the same plant. Still, there is a big difference between hemp oil and CBD oil. be attentive as the article explains the similarities and differences between CBD and hemp oil by first explaining what hemp oil and CBD are.
Cannabis-derived products are trending in the herbal market, with people knowing the benefits they induce. CBD oil is the most growth in popularity and usage among cannabis products. People are unaware of the compound's information, and it is not surprising that some people mistakenly purchase hemp oil instead of CBD oil. Hemp oil is mostly purchased for cooking to incorporate some health benefits to customers. CBD and hemp seed oil have similarities, but the difference is more prominent. Therefore, it is important to check the label of hemp-based products to know the CBD potency, extraction method, and chemical makeup to avoid confusing the two distinct hemp-derived oils.
What Is Hemp Oil?
Mourot et al. (2015) explained that hemp oil is healthy oil extracted from the hemp plant's seeds by pressing the seeds to release the oil. The hemp plant is one of the cannabis plant strains that are legal in most states compared to the marijuana plant. The hemp seed oil has no traces of THC and mostly contains terpenes and CBD molecules. It is available in hemp stores infused in beauty products like cream or cooking oils. To use the oil, you only need to apply it directly to your skin or add it to your food recipe.
What is CBD?
According to Burstein & Sumner (2015), CBD is a chemical compound extracted from the cannabis Sativa plant. It can be derived from any cannabis strain but is commonly extracted from the leaves and flowers of the hemp plant. It can be used in almost everything, whereby it can be infused in your daily meals, beauty products, drinks and beverages, medical capsules, gummies, wax, and many more. The most common form of the compound is CBD oil which is taken by use of tinctures and droppers under your tongue.
The Similarity Between Hemp Oil and CBD
Sometimes if you don't read the label of a cannabis product, you may not tell the difference between CBD oil and hemp oil. They are both extracted from the hemp plant and contain no traces of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is another popular cannabinoid famous for causing a feeling of highness in marijuana users. CBD and hemp plants are not psychoactive; you can harness their power without the risk of getting high. Chen et al. (2021) argued that as THC binds with body cannabinoid receptors to alter body functionality, hemp, and CBD oil release anandamide that binds with the receptors.
Moreover, they are both known to lower body sugar and pressure, therefore useful in diabetes and cardiac inflammation patients. To manufacture CBD oil, the compounds are diluted in most industries with hemp oil, which acts as a carrier oil. Meaning some CBD products contain hemp oil composition.
The Key Differences Between Hemp Oil and CBD
There is confusion surrounding the differences between hemp oil and CBD. You already know they are both extracted from the hemp plant, but that is where the similarity ends.
The fastest way to know the difference between hemp and CBD oil is by reading the ingredients and labels. Hemp oil is derived from mature hemp plant seeds whereby its majorly used for cooking and as an ingredient in skincare products. Therefore when you look at chemical makeup, you will find labeled organic unrefined hemp seed oil. CBD can be derived from leaves and flowers of the hemp plant or other cannabis strains like marijuana or indica. Besides the chemical makeup of cannabis strains, it also contains carrier oils like MCT oil which are added as a distillate of the active compound. In terms of labeling, CBD is available in a product in the form of CBD full-spectrum (which contains all traces of cannabinoid ion cannabis including THC), broad-spectrum (which contains almost all cannabinoids except THC), and lastly, CBD isolates (the pure form of CBD).
Method of Production
The technique of extracting CBD and hemp oil is different, causing the difference in the composition of both hemp products. Hemp seed oil is generally made by pressing the hemp seed at high pressure through cold press extraction. The method gives the oil producers a nutty taste and light green color. CBD is produced using high-tech techniques such as solvent extraction or CO2-based extraction. The entire hemp plant is subjected to CO2 liquid, which absorbs the CBD compound and later evaporates, leaving CBD oil or crystals. Typically, the result is an unpleasant earthy CBD flavor with dark gold color.
CBD products are more expensive to manufacture compared to hemp oils. For this reason, if you want to join the CBD regime, be ready to spend a fortune. Hemp oil is not expensive and is almost cost as regular cooking oil. The cost can be a key factor in telling the difference between the two hemp-based products. CBD oil costs 30 to 60 dollars per liter, while hemp oil ranges from 5 to $10 depending on the quality.
Uses and Benefits
Pamplona et al. (2018) stated that CBD has gained larger popularity due to its ability to exhibit healthy properties like anti-depressant, anti-inflammatory, pain reliever, sleep booster, and anti-oxidant. It is evident to help alleviate symptoms of diseases like arthritis, acne, cancer treatment, AIDs, ADHD, PSTD, Parkinson's, anxiety disorders, insomnia, and many more clinical studies. Hemp oil is normally used for cooking and salad, adding an attractive flavor to your dishes. It may have some health benefits but is very limited compared to CBD. The most common use of hemp oil is to reduce body cholesterol lowering the chances of high blood pressure and heart disease. It is also infused in beauty products to improve skin complexity and appearance.
Overdosing CBD or joining a CBD regime as newbies can have some side effects. Generally, CBD is safe, but it can cause dizziness, drowsiness when used with alcohol, hypotension, dry mouth, and sometimes high doses can cause diarrhea. Hemp seed oil is the safest hemp-based product with no serious negative effects. The known side effect is that it is not good for people allergic to cannabis since it can lower their blood pressure below the mark, causing hypotension.
Hemp oil and CBD are both derived from the hemp plant, with some similarities in uses. They both have no psychoactive effects; hence there is no risk of getting high when consuming them; however, that is where the similarity ends. They exist in different hemp plant parts, with hemp oil extracted from seeds using a cold-pressing technique and CBD derived from leaves and flowers using a C02-based extraction technique. CBD is more expensive than hemp oil since producing the cannabinoid is very costly and requires high tech.
Burstein, S. (2015). Cannabidiol (CBD) And Its Analogs: A Review Of Their Effects On Inflammation. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, 23(7), 1377-1385.
Chen, Z., De Boves Harrington, P., Griffin, V., & Griffin, T. (2021). In Situ Determination Of Cannabidiol In Hemp Oil By Near-Infrared Spectroscopy. Journal Of Natural Products, 84(11), 2851-2857.
Mourot, J., & Guillevic, M. (2015). Effect Of Introducing Hemp Oil Into Feed On The Nutritional Quality Of Pig Meat. OCL Oilseeds And Fats Crops And Lipids, 22(6), D612.
Pamplona, F. A., Da Silva, L. R., & Coan, A. C. (2018). The Potential Clinical Benefits Of CBD-Rich Cannabis Extracts Over Purified CBD In Treatment-Resistant Epilepsy Are Observational Data Meta-Analysis. Frontiers In Neurology, 759.