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Know Your Cannabinoids: CBD, CBN, CBG, Delta-8 THC

September 05, 2022 5 min read

Know Your Cannabinoids: CBD, CBN, CBG, Delta-8 THC

Know Your Cannabinoids: CBD, CBN, CBG, Delta-8 THC

The cannabis plant contains over one hundred cannabinoids. However, most people are familiar with the two primary compounds; cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). But CBN, CBG, and Delta – 8 THC are yet to be well known. This blog highlights what cannabinoids are, CBN and its health benefits, CBD and its health benefits, CBG and its health benefits, and Delta -8 THC and its health benefits.

The cannabis plant is comprehensive since it contains over one hundred and thirty cannabinoids. Most people are aware of CBD and THC. The primary connection between these two compounds is that THC is responsible for the high feeling, while CBD is well known for its calming and relaxing effect. However, if one is unaware, the cannabis plant contains more than one hundred and thirty cannabinoids, which all have unique properties. Before learning about cannabinoids, one should ensure that the products are not FDA-approved and regulated. Individuals should only purchase their products from a reliable and trusted brand since they are assured of getting a high-quality product.

What Are Cannabinoids?

According to Schrot et al. (2016),Cannabinoids are chemical compounds available in the cannabis plant. The cannabis plant has a massive range of cannabinoids, and not all of them have been detected up to date. However, it is estimated to have over one hundred and thirty cannabinoids, most of which are unknown. However, the two most popular cannabinoids are THC and CBD, which we will learn more about in this blog.

CBG

CBG is also known as cannabigerol. It is one of the infamous cannabinoids and is the mother of all cannabinoids. It means that when exposed to ultraviolet light, it changes to THCA or CBDA, eventually becoming THC or CBD. Like CBD, it is non-intoxicating; it may contain various properties that prevent the intoxicating effects of THC, reducing its adverse effects. Therefore, more THC means less cannabidiol and CBG and vice versa since these compounds are processed. Many cannabis strains have less than one percent CBD since most of it turned into something else.

CBN and CBG have shown potential in supporting brain health, which makes one more attentive and focused. It also helps slow the breakdown of the neurotransmitter GABA present in the brain. Higher GABA levels lead to strong calming effects that, in turn, assist in managing mood and stress levels. Hence, most people nowadays prefer to consume CBG products like gummies to give them energy levels to help them complete their daily challenging tasks.

Health Benefits of CBG

  • It treats inflammatory bowel disease since it contains anti-inflammatory properties, lowering inflammation levels.
  • Treats glaucoma
  • Garcia et al. (2018) stated that CBD treats Huntington's disease since it helps reduce inflammation and protect brain cells in individuals suffering from it.
  • It contains anti-bacterial properties that kill MRSA (methicillin-resistant strains of staphylococcus aureus), a bacterium that causes staph infections.

Delta 8-THC

Most individuals have probably heard of THC from their cannabis lovers' friends, or they know it themselves. This THC is also referred to as Delta-9 THC. It means that there exists Delta 1-7 THCs. Delta -8 THC is known for its therapeutic products similar to Delta -9; however, it does not have any psychoactive effects. When most people hear about CBD, they think it is responsible for its high impact. However, that feeling is more appropriate for Delta 8 THC.

Delta 8 THC is a perfect mix of CBD and THC that gives a therapeutic feeling without getting high.

Delta 8-THC molecules are similar to Delta 9 because they allow an individual to feel the calming effects without worrying about the psychoactive effect like paranoia. Delta 8 THC is known for being effective in doing away with nausea—killing cancerous cells and boosting one's appetite. Hence the reason it has been proven to be beneficial in treating cancer.

Health Benefits of Delta 8 THC

  • Reduces inflammation and pain
  • Stimulates appetite
  • Improves mood by treating anxiety and depression
  • Relieves nausea
  • Contains neuroprotective properties

CBN

CBN is the short form of cannabinol. If an individual is unaware, THC turns to CBN when oxidized. It means that the residual cannabis has higher amounts of CBN. Corroon & Jamie (2021) commented that CBN is primarily famous for its ability to improve sleep. However, studies show that in its isolated form, CBN is not practical since it does not produce entourage effects. Even though there is the hype about CBD being a sleeping aid, this little-known cannabinoid does a better job.

Health Benefits of CBN

  • Sleep aid
  • Pain relief
  • Contain state bacterial properties
  • It contains anti-inflammatory properties that relieve inflammation
  • It acts as an appetite stimulant.

CBD

CBD, also known as cannabidiol, is one of the most prevalent cannabinoids. Most people tend to confuse CBD effects with that THC. They think it has psychoactive effects, which is not true; CBD is known for its calming and relaxing effects. CBD has three types; full spectrum, broad spectrum, and isolate. Broad spectrum CBD contains most of the compounds of the cannabis plant except for THC. However, it has entourage effects since CBD works hand in hand with other cannabinoids, such as THC, to produce therapeutic effects. CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD since it only has the CBD compound; hence it is a preferred choice for individuals who want only to experience the effects of CBD solely. Full spectrum CBD contains all the compounds of the cannabis plant, including THC. It is a good choice for individuals who want to experience the effects of all the cannabinoids.

Health Benefits of CBD

  • It improves sleep due to its anti-anxiety and anti-inflammatory properties since most people with sleep conditions suffer from anxiety and pain.
  • Relives anxiety and stress due to its anti-anxiety properties
  • Burstein & Sumner (2015) noted that it Reduces pain and inflammation because it is a potent anti-inflammatory agent and indirectly binds to specific receptors n the brain which is responsible for pain
  • Treats skin conditions such as acne and psoriasis due to its hydrating, anti-inflammatory properties. It also regulates sebum oil production in the sebaceous glands, which causes acne when overproduced.

Conclusion

While CBD and THC are people's favorites, their spotlight shifts daily towards other cannabinoids. Slowly, CBG, CBN, and Delta 8 THC are taking their rightful place in the cannabis world. The good news is that researchers are studying more concerning these lesser-known cannabinoids and their benefits. Each of these cannabinoids has its unique reason for being a people's favorite. CBN and CBG are known for their health benefits, while Delta 8 THC is known for its relaxing and calming effects.

References

Burstein, S. (2015). Cannabidiol (CBD) and its analogs: a review of their effects on inflammation. Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 23(7), 1377-1385.

Corroon, J. (2021). Cannabinol and sleep: separating fact from fiction. Cannabis and cannabinoid research, 6(5), 366-371.

García, C., Gómez-Cañas, M., Burgaz, S., Palomares, B., Gómez-Gálvez, Y., Palomo-Garo, C., ... & Fernandez-Ruiz, J. (2018). Benefits of VCE-003.2, a cannabigerol quinone derivative, against inflammation-driven neuronal deterioration in experimental Parkinson’s disease: Possible involvement of different binding sites at the PPARγ receptor. Journal of neuroinflammation, 15(1), 1-17.

Schrot, R. J., & Hubbard, J. R. (2016). Cannabinoids: medical implications. Annals of medicine, 48(3), 128-141.