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Let's Talk About CBD Terpenes and Their Key Benefits

September 07, 2022 4 min read

Let's Talk About CBD Terpenes and Their Key Benefits

Let's Talk About CBD Terpenes and Their Key Benefits

You may have encountered terpenes if you've studied CBD and its possible health advantages. Herein is what CBD terpenes are and their benefits.

CBD, or cannabidiol, is undoubtedly the most prominent ingredient in the hemp plant and belongs to a family of compounds known as cannabinoids. In addition to cannabidiol, hemp's blossoming buds naturally contain over a hundred other chemicals, all of which have unique qualities. Other chemical components in hemp, known as terpenes, have a significant impact on how it impacts human health. If you use hemp, you may be ingesting terpenes regularly without even recognizing it. People who have never used CBD before may be intimidated by terpenes, but they are fairly common substances that we all absorb, even if we are unaware of them. Terpenes have a long history of usage and benefit human society.

What are CBD Terpenes?

According to Booth & Bohlmann (2019), the Cannabis Sativa plant has more than 200 distinct terpenes, which also include CBD and other cannabinoids. Aromatic compounds are abundant in nature, but only a few numbers of them are found in quantities high enough to be of any significance. One may enhance CBD products by adding terpenes, which have a variety of physical and medicinal qualities. Terpenes play a critical role in the overall efficacy of a CBD product.

Using CBD oil with terpenes may boost the effects of the primary cannabinoids, such as CBD, and provide a more personalized experience for the user. The CBD product's aroma is likely due to the presence of terpenes since cannabinoids like CBD and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) have no odor in their natural condition. For example, linalool and myrcene may be added to a CBD product to make it more soothing and conducive to sleep. Limonene and caryophyllene might be added to the product to make it more energizing and focused. As a result, you may choose from various CBD products to obtain the desired impact. For the most part, CBD consumers say terpene-rich tinctures and oils are preferable to CBD distillates or isolates. The entourage effect, as it's called, is the result of consuming CBD products with the complete range of terpenes available. In other words, the aggregate of the parts does not equal the sum of the whole.

To get the most out of your CBD, choose a product that includes terpenes, such as a wide spectrum or full spectrum CBD product, rather than taking it in an isolate form. Cannabinoid receptors may be directly stimulated by caryophyllene and limonene terpenes. Terpenes have a major impact on how various strains of cannabis affect the same user. The THC content of the cannabis plant and the distinctive properties of various terpenes are factors in this. Many consumers also prefer broad-spectrum CBD or full-spectrum CBD oil because of the entourage effect.

Terpenes in CBD

Limonene

As the name suggests, limonene may be found in citrus fruit's zest. Limonene, which has antifungal characteristics, has a lime, orange, and lemon aroma. Among its many potential benefits include a reduction in inflammation, an improvement in mood, and anxiety reduction. According to Russo (2011), the presence of limonene may boost the rate at which other terpenes are absorbed.

Myrcene

A further prevalent cannabis terpene, myrcene, has a strong, herbal scent similar to the cannabis flower. The smell of cannabis is generally characterized as musky, the most common scent associated with the plant. Relaxing effects on the body caused by the myrcene terpene may occasionally cause drowsiness. Myrcene's antimicrobial and analgesic properties are also well-known. Myrcene may also be found in thyme, lemongrass, mango, bay leaves, the hemp plant, and cannabis. Antibacterial, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, and antifungal are only a few of its medicinal characteristics.

Terpinolene

According to Hartsel et al. (2016), terpinolene gives cannabis plants their smoky and woody scent. Sage and rosemary are also recognized for their antimicrobial properties, as well as their sedative capabilities. One may reduce anxiety, and sleep can be promoted using terpinolene's ability to depress the central nervous system (CNS). Some evidence suggests that terpinolene may be beneficial to the respiratory system. Rosemary has long had a purpose in promoting good respiratory health.

Caryophyllene

Caryophyllene is a terpene found in cinnamon, cloves, and black pepper with a lot of promise as a CBD ingredient. The cannabinoid caryophyllene provides a spicy, woody, or pepper-like aroma in certain cannabis strains. This terpene's capacity to interact with the ECS similarly to cannabinoids is perhaps its most promising quality. It may have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. Aside from these benefits, caryophyllene has also been demonstrated to improve sleep apnea, muscular spasms, and discomfort.

Humulene

According to Stasilowicz et al. (2021), humulene, a common terpene present in hemp, decreases hunger and alleviates inflammation, among other benefits. In addition to hops, where humulene concentrations are high, the scent of humulene is comparable. Coriander, cloves, and basil are also high in humulene.

Pinene

Pine needles, citrus fruits, rosemary, and sage contain pinene, a terpene that reveals itself by its name. Traditional Chinese medicine has long regarded pinene terpene as an anti-inflammatory and antibacterial terpene, which has been used for centuries. For people suffering from asthma, pinene may help open the airways and can be used as a bronchodilator. Pinene, on the other hand, has been shown to improve memory and attentiveness.

Conclusion

Terpenes in cannabis give various strains their distinct yet unmistakable smells. As terpenes have certain similarities with cannabinoids in terms of structure, researchers believe they function in tandem with phytocannabinoids (cannabinoids extracted from the cannabis plant) in human bodies. Cannabis terpenes may play a key role in enabling the Entourage Effect, according to some experts. The Entourage Effect is the consequence of hundreds of naturally occurring phytochemicals in cannabis working together to increase each other's benefits. For this reason, it seems that full-spectrum CBD products have a greater impact at lower dosages than CBD isolate products.

References

Booth, J. K., & Bohlmann, J. (2019). Terpenes in Cannabis sativa–From plant genome to humans. Plant Science, 284, 67-72.

Hartsel, J. A., Eades, J., Hickory, B., & Makriyannis, A. (2016). Cannabis sativa and hemp. In Nutraceuticals (pp. 735-754). Academic Press.

Russo, E. B. (2011). Taming THC: potential cannabis synergy and phytocannabinoid‐terpenoid entourage effects. British journal of pharmacology, 163(7), 1344-1364.

Stasiłowicz, A., Tomala, A., Podolak, I., & Cielecka-Piontek, J. (2021). Cannabis sativa L. as a natural drug meeting the criteria of a multitarget approach to treatment. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 22(2), 778.