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What Are CBD Terpenes?

September 15, 2022 5 min read

What Are CBD Terpenes?

What Are CBD Terpenes?

Do you want to know more about CBD terpenes? This blog highlights terpenes overview, terpenes in CBD oil, benefits, and effects of terpenes, what to look for when purchasing terpenes and terpenes, and the entourage effect.

CBD is a compound available in the cannabis plant. The cannabis plant has various chemical compounds, including but not limited to CBD, terpenes, flavonoids, and tetrahydro cannabidiol (THC). CBD is popular because of its therapeutic effects and soothing properties. On the other hand, THC is responsible for the high effect. Terpene is one of the least cannabinoids known for its scent and flavor. There are various types of terpenes like limonene and Myrcene and various uses. Unlike THC, terpenes cannot produce the high effect making it non-psychoactive. You can find terpenes in CBD oil since they promote the entourage effect (other cannabinoids work hand in hand with CBD to enhance its therapeutic effects).

Terpenes Overview

The cannabis plant has over one hundred cannabinoids, and terpenes are one of them. Terpenes are aromatic compounds found in a variety of plants, not CBD only. They are responsible for the plant's taste and smell. The smell you always experience when you waft a vegetable or herb is due to its terpenes.

Terpenes are helpful in plants since they repel predators and attract pollinators. Terpenes have various anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-viral, and antioxidant properties. Most people are becoming interested in terpene because of its benefits, which you will learn more about in this article.

Terpenes in CBD Oil

Terpene and terpenoids are different. Teens are cannabinoids that exist naturally in a plant's flowers or buds, whereas terpenoids are chemically altered terpenes. Terpenoids are made through drying and curing a cannabis flower.

CBD oil exists in three forms, full spectrum, isolate, and broad spectrum. Full spectrum CBD has cannabis plant compounds, including terpenes and THC. The only difference between full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD is that the latter does not have THC. On the other hand, CBD isolates only have the CBD compound; however, some brands sad terpenes to increase the CBD effect. Hence, it would be best if you always aimed at purchasing a product with fewer processes since it contains most plants' natural compounds.

Most Abundant Terpenes in CBD Oil

Terpene gives the plant its aroma and contributes to the full entourage effect, increasing the therapeutic potential of full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD products.

Below are the most common terpenes in CBD oil and their health benefits:

Limonene

The limonene terpene s associated with the scent of citrus fruits like lime, orange, and lemon. Limonene contains refreshing, energizing, and stress y relieving properties. It also acts as an anti-irritant and boosts other cannabinoids and terpenes.

Pinene

Pinene is available in pine needles and citrus fruits too. It is an anti-inflammatory agent believed to have anti-cancer properties that suppress cancer cells.

Myrcene

Myrcene is known for its fruity and earthy smell. Although it is a minor terpene, it makes it easier for other phytocannabinoids to pass through the brain and blood barrier, making them stronger. It also relaxes muscles, leading to drowsiness when taken in large amounts. Baron (2018) suggested that Myrcene has anti-bacterial properties that help reduce pain.

Linalool

It is probably due to linalool if you smell a floral-like scent in your cannabis strain. Linalool is mostly available in lavender and chamomile plants. Most hemp companies utilize it in topical ointments and creams like lotions because of its soothing effect.

Beta-Caryophyllene

Beta-caryophyllene is available in cloves, cinnamon, and black pepper. It is popularly known for its therapeutic effects. It is also referred to as a dietary cannabinoid since it interacts similarly with cannabinoid receptors to other cannabinoids.

Bisabolol

Bisabolol is known for its calming effect. It is mainly available in chamomile and the candela tree. Russell et al. (2010) commented that it is most popular in the skincare and beauty world because of its anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties.

Terpineol

Terpineol has the same fragrance as that lilacs and lime flowers. It is also available in most exotic fruits. It is mostly infused with lotion and perfumes. According to Park et al. (2012), it has antioxidative properties.

Benefits and Effects of CBD Terpenes

According to Cox et al. (2019), CBD terpenes offer various health benefits, such as alleviating anxiety. Also, they can regulate the cannabinoids like CBD and THC effects. The good news is that the endocannabinoid system (ECS) is getting used to cannabinoid consumption hence why most bodies rarely have any side effects.

Terpenes and the other cannabinoids interact with the ECS receptors to maintain the body's homeostasis, which is the biochemical balance between its organs and system. When terpenes work hand in hand with the other cannabinoid and CBD, it leads to the entourage effect,

Terpenes and Entourage Effects

According to cannabis scientist, the entourage effects was discovered when whole plant extracts produced more therapeutic effects than how each compound produces on its own. Ferber et al. (2020)noted that the entourage effect is a unique relationship between terpenes, cannabinoids, and flavonoids in the cannabis plant. When the above compounds are consumed as oils or dried flowers, they increase the effectiveness of THC and CBD and prevent unwanted reactions.

Terpenes work with other cannabinoids to relieve stress, inflammation, and pain.

What to Look for Before You Purchase Terpenes

To ensure you purchase a high-quality product, ensure the company has proof of third-party lab test results and a valid COA (Certificate of analysis). The certificate of analysis shows all the cannabinoid levels, including THC, CBD, and terpenes.

Summary

Research is still undergoing concerning the medical benefits of terpenes n cannabis extracts. Not only is terpene known for its aromatic benefits, but it also provides therapeutic effects for your CBD oil; a lot is there to discover when it comes to how cannabinoids and terpene are related. Hence, these cannabinoids are important if you want to experience the maximum benefits of cannabis. Hence, it is rare to find single molecule herbs; they always have other ingredients like terpenes.

References

Baron, E. P. (2018). Medicinal Properties Of Cannabinoids, Terpenes, And Flavonoids In Cannabis, And Benefits In Migraine, Headache, And Pain: An Update On Current Evidence And Cannabis Science. Headache: The Journal Of Head And Face Pain, 58(7), 1139-1186.

Cox-Georgian, D., Ramadoss, N., Dona, C., & Basu, C. (2019). Therapeutic And Medicinal Uses Of Terpenes. In Medicinal Plants (Pp. 333-359). Springer, Cham.

Ferber, S. G., Namdar, D., Hen-Shoval, D., Eger, G., Koltai, H., Shoval, G., ... & Weller, A. (2020). The "Entourage Effect": Terpenes Coupled With Cannabinoids For The Treatment Of Mood Disorders And Anxiety Disorders. Current Neuropharmacology, 18(2), 87-96.

Park, S. N., Lim, Y. K., Freire, M. O., Cho, E., Jin, D., & Kook, J. K. (2012). Antimicrobial Effect Of Linalool And Α-Terpineol Against Periodontopathic And Cariogenic Bacteria. Anaerobe, 18(3), 369-372.

Russell, K., & Jacob, S. E. (2010). Bisabolol. Dermatitis®, 21(1), 57-58.