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WHAT ARE TERPENES IN BROAD-SPECTRUM HEMP EXTRACT

August 31, 2022 4 min read

WHAT ARE TERPENES IN BROAD-SPECTRUM HEMP EXTRACT

WHAT ARE TERPENES IN BROAD-SPECTRUM HEMP EXTRACT

Broad-spectrum CBD contains other cannabinoids such as terpenes, that gives it fragrance, aroma. However, THC is not found in broad-spectrum reducing its overall effect to the body. Herein is everything you need to know about terpenes, including the types and their benefits.

Terpenes present in the broad-spectrum CBD contain several medicinal and therapeutic properties. The compounds in terpenes work in synergy to provide the desired health and therapeutic effects. Notably, a broad-spectrum CBD contains different cannabis derivatives that supplement terpenes, providing a wider range of effects to the body. The absence of THC in broad–spectrum CBD makes them safe and non-psychoactive. This article highlights the benefits of broad-spectrum CBD to the users.

What is CBD?

CBD is one of the natural compounds found in the cannabis plant. CBD compound is free from THC which is the major ingredient in the marijuana plant. Zheljazkov et al (2022) noted that THC has a psychoactive effect.  Therefore, pure CBD does not get you high.

CBD has multiple health benefits such as treating anxiety, chronic pain, stress, insomnia, inflammation, cancer-related symptoms, epilepsy, and other health conditions. According to Evans (2020), the only first and approved CBD drug is Epidiolex which is used in the treatment of epilepsy

 Although CBD has health benefits, it could have mild side effects which can be controlled by seeking healthcare guidelines before starting taking CBD. Similarly, the adverse side effects can be reduced by proper dosing, especially for beginners. The side effects include nausea, diarrhea, fatigue, drowsiness, and negative interaction with other medicines (Zheljazkov et al, 2022).

What is Broad-Spectrum CBD?

Zheljazkov et al (2022) noted that broad-spectrum CBD products contain almost every compound found in the cannabis plant except THC. Omitting THC compound in broad-spectrum products makes them less effective than the full-spectrum.

How is the Broad Spectrum Made?

The broad-spectrum has benefits between CBD isolate and full-spectrum. It can be made by adding terpenes, flavonoids and other minor cannabinoids to CBD isolates. The broad-spectrum can be created by removing THC compound from the extracted full-spectrum CBD.

What are Terpenes in Broad-Spectrum Hemp Extract?

Terpenes are not only found in the cannabis plant but in all plants. Bakro et al. (2020) observed that terpenes are aromatic, fragrant, and volatile compounds found in all plants. Terpenes are domiciled in the flowers and fruits. CBD terpenes have therapeutic effects, due to their fragrance and the chemical properties.

The Role of Terpenes in Broad-Spectrum CBD Hemp Extract

Terpenes found in the broad-spectrum have calming effects. According to Nuutinen (2018), these compounds have beneficial effects to the respiratory system. Notably, the broad-spectrum CBD also have other cannabis derivatives that work together to provide the entourage effects. This means that using different cannabis together amplifies the overall effects of the CBD.

Types of Terpenes

Broad-spectrum hemp extract contains several types of terpenes which help in the entourage effect.

Pinene

Pinene exists in citrus fruits, pine needles, rosemary, and other conifers. Its aroma can be sharp and sweet which helps in the retention of memory and promotes alertness. It is also used in therapeutic functions such as anti-inflammatory.

Linalool

Linalool is found in lavender, rosewood, birch, and citrus plants. It has a pleasant smell making them useful in many aromatic products. It has calming effects which stimulate sleep and reduce anxiety. It also helps in dealing with stress, pain, and convulsions.

Myrcene

Myrcene is the most common terpenes in the cannabis plant although it is the least abundant in CBD. Myrcene creates sleepiness and tiredness associated with drowsiness (Nuutinen, 2018).  In addition, it has anti-inflammatory, antifungal, antiseptic, and antimicrobial effects.

Limonene

Limonene is commonly found in citrus fruits with a lemon aroma. In CBD, it alleviates emotional turbulence like stress (Nuutinen, 2018). It is also used for therapeutic and medical purposes because it has antifungal and inflammatory effects. Limonene treats gastric reflux, anxiety, and depression.

Caryophyllene

It is found in cinnamon, oregano, cloves, basil, and pepper which have a woody, spicy and pepper-like aroma. It interacts with the endocannabinoid system found hence, helping in the treatment of insomnia, pain, and muscle spasms (Nuutinen, 2018).

Humulene

This type of terpenes is common in CBD with earthy and woody scent. It is also present in hops and coriander. In CBD, it activates appetite and has anti-inflammatory and anti-bacteria effects.

Lab Reports and Terpenes Content

Hemps and cannabis plants have specific aromas due to the presence of terpenes. The compounds promote calmness and alertness. Most lab tests don't check for the presence of terpenes in CBD. Hence, lab analysis may not show the presence of terpenes (Zheljazkov et al, 2022). If you are concerned about the presence of terpenes in your CBD product, you can enquire from the company. Notably, all broad-spectrum products contain terpenes.

Conclusion

Broad-spectrum CBD products contain all types of terpenes which work in synergy to create the entourage effect. Due to their distinct aromas and healing properties have therapeutic uses; they treat anxiety, stress, and depression and promote calmness and alertness. The common terpenes in CBD are linalool, pinene, limonene, myrcene, caryophyllene, and humulene, which play different bodily roles. Notably, most lab report analyses do not give details of terpenes. Consumers can, however, obtain the data through a direct inquiry from the company. 

References

Bakro, F., Jedryczka, M., Wielgusz, K., Sgorbini, B., Inchingolo, R., & Cardenia, V. (2020). Simultaneous determination of terpenes and cannabidiol in hemp (
Cannabis sativa
Separation Science, 43(14), 2817–2826. https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.201900822

Evans, J. (2020). The Ultimate Guide to CBD: Explore the World of Cannabidiol. Fair Winds             Press.

Nuutinen, T. (2018). Medicinal properties of terpenes found in Cannabis sativa and Humulus lupulus. European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 157, 198–228. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmech.2018.07.076

Zheljazkov, V. D., Noller, J. S., Maggi, F., & Dale, R. (2022). Terpenes and Cannabinoids Yields and Profile from Direct-Seeded and Transplanted CBD-Cannabis sativa. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.1c06912.