You might have heard of Full spectrum CBD oil, broad-spectrum and isolate CBD. What do all these means, and what are their differences? This article discusses full spectrum CBD, its benefits, and legality.
Individuals can enjoy CBD products in several ways, from taking edibles, topicals, and oil or food supplements. These products can be available in different strengths. When choosing the right CBD product, one must consider many things; one needs to check the brand's contents, contents, and form. There are three main forms; full spectrum CBD and broad-spectrum.
What Are The Forms Of CBD Products?
Before an individual dive deeper into CBD products, let's first find out what CBD is. The cannabis plant has over one hundred components that have been discovered so far; although these components come from the same plant, they might have different body effects. THC is the most dominant component. It is commonly known for its psychoactive effect and is contained in the Marijuana plant and is responsible for giving people the 'high' effect they feel when they smoke or vape the cannabis plant. VanDolah et al. (2019) stated that CBD is the second most dominant compound in the cannabis plant and is commonly known for its claimed health effects on the body. CBD is in high percentage in the hemp plant while there is a low level of THC, making hemp the perfect plant for extracting CBD for medical purposes.
Like any other industry, there is a lot of variety when CBD products are considered, from how you take the CBD to the different forms of CBD. Full-spectrum CBD refers to CBD products containing all compounds in the Cannabis plant, including both CBD and THC. Broad-spectrum refers to those products that contain some but not all compounds of the cannabis plant, while isolate refers to products that contain CBD in its pure form with no other compound.
What Compounds Are In Full Spectrum CBD?
There are more than 100 compounds found in the cannabis plant. Although two main components are known (THC and CBD), many other components are present in the Full and broad-spectrum. You can find cannabinoids and terpenes that offer more than just the normal CBD advantages. Desaulniers Brousseau et al. (2021) cannabinoids attach themselves to your endocannabinoid system, while terpenes are responsible for the different aromas in the Cannabis plant. Here are other components that you might just run into:
This cannabinoid is usually present in marijuana that has been stored or been in place for a longer time because it is usually formed due to the inactive form of THC (THCA) breaking down. CBN is considered among the most sedative compounds, with various uses as an antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and pain reliever.
Although it is similar to CBD, this cannabinoid is usually thought to be a prelude to other compounds such as CBD and THC. This antibacterial cannabinoid is thought to have a neuroprotective effect and increases the endocannabinoid anandamide levels, the chemical responsible for the good feeling reward.
This cannabinoid is thought to affect the brain and endocannabinoid system to block out pain and swelling due to inflammation. Like CBD, CBC doesn't have any psychoactive properties and is antibacterial.
Many terpenes smell like trees; this terpene smells like pine, just as its name suggests, and is thought to offer anti-inflammatory effects. This terpene is also responsible for that earthy, sharp undertone in the cannabis plant.
It is mostly found in black peppercorns; it has a peppery, spicy scent and is thought to have a cell-protecting effect as it works with other compounds. These are some of the compounds you might find in the Full spectrum; these compounds and many more combine to work in harmony in the Full spectrum. They make these compounds unique and add an extra advantage when compared to isolate CBD, where one only enjoys the effects of CBD. Russo (2019) explained that the entourage effect is where terpenes and cannabinoids work together to produce an effect that only one of the compounds cannot be felt by an individual.
Advantages of Full spectrum CBD
Because of its entourage effect, you experience an effect that isn't felt by using other spectrums; because these compounds evolved together to work in harmony, you can enjoy CBD products just as nature intended. Why isolate the different products when you can use them just as they are? Niesinik & van Laar (2013) explained that the best thing is that when CBD and THC are used together, the user experiences fewer side effects than when they smoke or use it alone.
What is better than enjoying a solo or double the effect? Using these compounds in unison in a Full spectrum will make you feel a more powerful effect than just using one of the compounds. Although these compounds have their effects, this harmonious effect is something that you must want to enjoy. The full spectrum compounds offer a greater experience and taste than you could have when using these compounds solo. The terpenes offer a unique taste and flavor different from smoking THC solo. Limonene, for example, gives off an amazing lemon taste and scent worth every drop of Full-spectrum oil.
Is it legal?
CBD contains THC, and some people might be confused about the legality of these products. However, although THC is illegal, having THC under the percentage of 0.3% will have it almost untraceable. THC amount of that percentage and working in synergy with other compounds will certainly give you fewer side effects. A person can enjoy CBD's full spectrum without worrying about testing positive in the next drug test. Remember to check the contents of the product you purchase before taking it.
Having a wide range of compounds working together is perfect than just enjoying one of the products. It is what makes Full-spectrum oil better than Isolate CBD oil; however, when it comes to what you prefer, it all comes down to what you want. The beauty is that you can easily find the variations of CBD oil on the internet today; the best thing is to try them up before deciding on the best variations for you.
Desaulniers Brousseau, V., Wu, B. S., MacPherson, S., Morello, V., & Lefsrud, M. (2021). Cannabinoids and terpenes: how an individual can manipulate the production of photo-protectants to enhance Cannabis sativa L. Phytochemistry. Frontiers in Plant Science, 12, 620021.
Niesink, R. J., & van Laar, M. W. (2013). Does cannabidiol protect against adverse psychological effects of THC?. Frontiers in psychiatry, 4, 130.
Russo, E. B. (2019). The case for the entourage effect and conventional breeding of clinical cannabis: no “strain,” no gain. Frontiers in plant science, 1969.
VanDolah, H. J., Bauer, B. A., & Mauck, K. F. (2019, September). Clinicians' guide to cannabidiol and hemp oils. Mayo Clinic Proceedings (Vol. 94, No. 9, pp. 1840-1851). Elsevier.