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Using CBD products for general well-being has become a norm. CBD is known for its therapeutic benefits, like soothing anxiety and stress. The CBD products dictate the method of taking the cannabis derivative. Cannabidiol can be taken through inhalation, sublingual, ingestion, and topical methods. A product's potency and method of consumption affect the time taken to feel its effect. CBD oil is legal in the UK if it contains less than 0.2% THC. The cannabis derivative products in the UK in found as capsules, gummies, oils, creams, and soaps, among others.
What is CBD Oil?
Cannabidiol, CBD, is a cannabis plant. The compound is extracted from CBD-rich hemp that has low amounts of THC. Notably, THC is a psychotropic cannabis compound that induces a 'high' feeling and alters perception. Solvent and alcohol extraction are the main processes used to extract CBD from hemp. The extract is filtered and refined, and mixed with a carrier oil like MCT, olive, or coconut oil to make it consumable to the users. CBD oil can be full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, or isolated CBD. The spectrums differ in content and potency; full-spectrum CBD is more potent than the broad spectrum, while the isolate is the mildest of the three spectra.
How Do I Take CBD
CBD is processed into various products, including but not limited to oil drops, CBD gummies, capsules, and vapes. The nature of the products determines the method of consumption. The common methods of consumption are summarized below;
The inhalation method involves devices such as vape pens and vaporizers. These devices vaporize CBD oil and concentrate. The vaping devices consist of a tank, a battery, and an atomizer. The tank holds the oil while the battery powers the atomizer to heat the content in the tank into vapor. To use the device, you need to power the vape pen using a power button, draw a puff, and wait for 5 minutes before drawing another puff.
The sublingual method is applicable for CBD oil drops. The drops are placed underneath the tongue and held for a minute to allow maximum absorption. The oil is absorbed into the bloodstream by capillaries in the sublingual layer; its effects manifest after a few minutes.
Ingested CBD undergoes metabolism before getting absorbed into the bloodstream. The method is mainly used for products like CBD gummies and capsules. You can also ingest CBD oil drops by adding a few drops to your meals or drink. Ingested CBD manifest after an hour or two because of metabolism and digestion.
The topical method involves externally used products like creams, skincare products, and cosmetics. Apply a given quantity of CBD cream to your skin and massage until the product is absorbed. The body receptors on the skin will bind with the CBD to dispense its effects to the body.
Broad-spectrum vs. Full-spectrum CBD
CBD is refined into three spectrums; full-spectrum, broad-spectrum and isolate. The full spectrum contains all the hemp plant cannabinoids and terpenes, while the broad spectrum has all the terpenes and cannabinoids except THC. In contrast, the isolated spectrum contains pure CBD. Notably, broad and full spectrum have an entourage effect; their multiple cannabis components act synergistically to provide a wider range of user benefits (Ferber et al.,2020). In the UK, you can get CBD oil in full-spectrum or one with broad-spectrum.
The Endocannabinoid System and Cannabidiol
The endocannabinoid system, ECS, is the body's communication channel; it was discovered in the late 90s. According to Walker et al. (2019), the ECS comprises endocannabinoids, receptors, and enzymes. Endocannabinoids act like messengers between the receptors. The common receptors are CB1and CB2. The enzymes are fats that break down the endocannabinoids. Cannabidiol bind with the receptors because of their close resemblance.
CBD and Bioavailability
According to Patel & Patel (2021), bioavailability is the rate at which a drug enters systemic circulation. CBD's bioavailability depends on the method of administration. For example, at least 20% of CBD enters circulation through ingestion, 35% through the sublingual method, and 56% through inhalation. The topical method dispenses at least 40% of CBD, although the cannabis product stays localized in the small blood vessels and local tissues. You can increase the bioavailability of CBD by taking it with fats like MCT oil or taking CBD oil gummies after eating.
The Legality of CBD Oil in the UK
CBD is legal in the UK, albeit with regulations listed below;
THC should not exceed 0.2% in a product; THC remains a controlled substance according to the 1971 Misuse of Drugs Act.
CBD must be derived from the industrial hemp strain approved by the UK government.
CBD producers must obtain a Home office license.
To sell CBD products, you need to be a licensed medical distributor.
CBD products must be labeled according to the 2003 Food Supplement Regulations.
CBD skincare and cosmetic products must have a cosmetic safety report.
Vape products must follow the non-nicotine e-liquid regulations.
Smoking plant materials from hemp flowers and buds are illegal in the UK.
Different Types of Cannabidiol Products
CBD Oil Gummies and Sweets
CBD oil gummies and sweets are chewy products infused with cannabidiol. The gummies and sweets have different fruit flavors. The gummies and sweets can mask the earthy CBD taste. In addition, sweets and gummies have a fixed dose of CBD per product.
CBD Oil Drops
CBD oil drops are extracted by solvent extraction. The cannabis derivative is packed with a dropper to measure the number of drops during its administration.
CBD Infused Drinks
CBD-infused drinks contain water-soluble CBD. Notably, ordinary CBD oil cannot dissolve in drinks. Nanotechnology is used in making water-soluble CBD that becomes emulsified when added to carrier oil. This process gives you CBD-infused drinks like water, coffee, cocktails, tea, and beer.
CBD Vape Juice and Disposables
CBD vape juice and disposables are inhalants. They come with vape devices that heat the cannabis derivatives into consumable vapor. For instance, vaping can utilize a pen-like cylinder with a mouthpiece, tank, battery, and atomizer. The mouthpiece draws puffs from the device while the tank holds the vape juice for heating. On the other hand, the battery powers the atomizer, which vaporizes the vape juice. Vape pens come in different forms, including, but not limited to, disposables, cartridges, and vape pods. Disposable vape pens are one-time products; once the vape juice is exhausted, the device is disposed of. The vape pods require a particular battery, while the cartridges are the most expensive vape devices; cartridges are refilled or the tank changed by screwing off the mouthpiece and battery.
CBD capsules are pill-like products ingested orally. They contain CBD oil or CBD concentrate. CBD capsules have a uniform amount of CBD, which makes it easier to measure the dosage.
CBD Pain Relief Cream
CBD pain relief cream is a topical product. The cream is applied for localized skin problems like pain and inflammation; users can massage the affected area to maximize absorption. The cream is made by mixing CBD, beeswax, base oil, and essential oil. Some products are infused with menthol to add a cooling effect.
CBD Beauty Products and Cosmetics
CBD beauty products and cosmetics such as lotions are topics. The products dispense CBD into the body transdermally.
Benefits of Cannabidiol
CBD and Sleep
Lack of sleep can result from pain, inflammation, anxiety, or stress. The body's internal clock, the circadian rhythm, controls the sleep-wake cycle. According to Reddy et al. (2022), the circadian rhythm triggers the release of melatonin to facilitate sleep. CBD blocks enzymes from breaking down neurotransmitters like melatonin. Taking CBD can also restore the circadian rhythm disrupted by jet lag or disrupted sleep patterns.
CBD and Stress
Stress is the body's reaction to change. Short-term stress is normal and healthy. The mental duress has triggered the release of cortisol, a stress hormone. According to Herman et al. (2016), cortisol regulates how the body responds to stress. Adrenaline, on the other hand, is the neurotransmitter responsible for stress. Taking CBD regulates the rate at which adrenaline is broken down, thereby suppressing stress.
CBD and Anxiety
Anxiety is a normal emotion that triggers alertness, fear, and panic. Serotonin is responsible for regulating mood, anxiety, and happiness. When serotonin drops, you become anxious. CBD products like CBD oil drops block serotonin breakdown, increasing their effectiveness in anxiety regulation. According to Singh et al. (2022), serotonin regulates many body functions like mood and appetite.
CBD and Pain
According to Stella et al. (2021), CBD can suppress multiple types of pain, ranging from MS, arthritis, and neuropathic pain.
What is My CBD Dosage? - How Much CBD Should I Take?
Unlike prescription drugs, CBD does not have a specific dose. The CBD dosage depends on body weight, height, metabolism, tolerance to CBD, and product potency. Your doctor can suggest a specific dose for you. The best way to get your optimal dose is to start with a small amount. Users journal how it affects them before increasing the dose to get their desired benefit. The oil drops are the best when working out your optimal dose because you can subdivide them, unlike the gummies or capsules.
What Strength of CBD Should I Use?
Potency is a crucial consideration when dosing cannabis derivatives. The product's potency is often given as mg/bottle. A 400mg in 15ML bottle is stronger than 400mg in 30ML bottle. The strength of 400mg in 15ML is 26.67mg/ml while that of 400 in 30ML is 13.67mg/ml. 10mg/ml or less is low, 15mg/ml- 30mg/ml is medium while anything above 30mg/ml is high in potency. Concentrated CBD has high potencies, usually above 60mg/ml. The strength of CBD you choose depends on what you are solving. For mild pains, a low-potency product is ideal. If you have chronic pain, use a more potent drug.
Best Ways to Use CBD Oil
CBD oil is consumed through ingestion, inhalation, sublingual, and topical methods. You can ingest the oil by swallowing or adding it to meals and drinks. If you already have a CBD cartridge, you can refill the tank with the oil and vaporize it for inhalation through the lungs. CBD oils come with a dropper to administer; you can also buy a dropper if your oil does not have one. Topically, the oil is applied to the skin and massaged to facilitate absorption.
Frequently Asked Questions about CBD oil
What is My CBD Dosage?
CBD dosage is the specific dose you take to feel the desired effects. If another person takes the same dose, the effect may not be the same. Your doctor may suggest it for you, or you can work it out by starting with a smaller dose and gradually increasing it until you get the effect.
How Much CBD Should I Take?
CBD dosage depends on the remedy you are looking for, your body weight, tolerance to CBD, metabolism, and product potency. Your doctor can suggest a dose, or you can work it out at home. The human body tolerates CBD well, but sometimes you can experience mild symptoms like dizziness and nausea if you overdose on the cannabis derivative.
How Much is CBD in CBD Products?
The amount of CBD oil in a product is usually printed on the product label as mg/ml. For CBD gummies or capsules, you can calculate the amount of CBD in the products by multiplying the number of gummies with the amount of CBD in each gummy. You can read the COA of a product to confirm the amount of CBD per unit.
How Much is CBD in CBD Oil
The amount of CBD is printed on the product label as milligrams per milliliter mg/ml. The amount of CBD ranges from 300 to 4000mg. If the bottle is 50ML with 1000mg of CBD, its strength will be 20mg/ml.
Why Does CBD Taste Terrible?
The presence of terpenes and other cannabinoids gives CBD its grassy taste. Carrier oils and other additives may suppress the unpleasant CBD taste.
Why is CBD Expensive?
CBD is expensive to produce, starting from the cultivation of hemp plants and the delicate extraction processes. Special equipment is needed to produce high-quality CBD. Similarly, the cultivation of the hemp plant is done organically to meet the high standards required, which can be expensive.
How Long Does it Take to Absorb CBD?
The method used in taking CBD affects how long it takes to absorb. CBD is absorbed from a few seconds to some minutes. If you take CBD oil through vaping, it absorbs in less than a second, while ingestibles such as CBD oil gummies can take some minutes.
How Long Does CBD Stay in the System?
CBD can stay in the system from a few hours to days, depending on how much you take, how often you consume it, your body type, and your method of consumption. CBD taken orally can stay in the system for at least a month. In contrast, vaped products could last as low as 3 hours.
What Does CBD Do?
CBD is a therapeutic compound with benefits like aiding sleep, alleviating pain, and soothing stress and anxiety.
Does CBD Get You High?
CBD does not make you high because it contains no psychotropic properties. However, Cannabidiol products with full-spectrum CBD have trace levels of THC. In the UK, this level is regulated at 0.2%, making it non-intoxicating.
Are CBD Products Age-Restricted- Can I Take Them During Pregnancy?
In many jurisdictions, you can buy CBD products if you are at least 18 years old, although some places require users to be more than 21 years old. The FDA and the UK Food Standards Authority encourage CBD for pregnant or breastfeeding women. The drug's effects on children remain a controversial topic of study. Therefore, such category of users should avoid the cannabis derivative.
Can CBD Interact with My Medication?
According to Brown & Winterstein (2019), CBD may interact with some medications. Notably, CBD intake may use the same mechanisms used in prescription drugs, a phenomenon that creates competition for drug uptake by certain receptors. In this context, the cannabis derivative could suppress the action of such drugs in the body. Seek medical advice before taking CBD along with other medications.
Is CBD Addictive? Can Products Be Abused?
CBD is not habit-forming. Therefore, abusing the products is difficult because they do not create dependency.
What About Tests for Cannabis Abuse and CBD?
Drug tests detect THC but not CBD. Full-spectrum products may lead to a positive drug test if overdosed; THC may build up in the system, thus giving a positive drug test.
Is Hemp Oil the Same As CBD?
Hemp oil is different from CBD. While cold-pressing hemp seeds make the former, the latter is extracted from the same plant's leaves, flowers, and stalks.
How Much CBD Oil Should I Use to Relax?
On average, 75 mg per day of CBD oil is enough to give the desired effect. However, CBD dosage is affected by body weight, metabolism, and CBD potency; 75mg per day might be too much for some users or insufficient to trigger the desired effects on others.
Does CBD Show Up on a Drug Test?
CBD does not appear on a drug test. Conventional drug tests do not detect CBD but THC. As aforementioned, a full-spectrum CBD product may lead to a positive drug test if it accumulates in the body.
Is CBD Oil Good for Arthritis?
CBD has anti-inflammatory properties; the oil can treat an inflammation-related diseases like arthritis.
How Long Does the Effect of CBD Oil Last?
The effect of CBD oil lasts for 2- 6 hours, depending on the method of administering. Ingested products last for 6 hours, while sublinguals take 4 hours.
How Long Does It Take for Me to Feel the Effects of CBD?
Depending on the method, you can feel the effect of CBD as early as 15 minutes or wait an hour to enjoy its effects. Vaped products may manifest after 5 minutes, while ingested edibles last up to an hour.
What Are Cbd Gummies?
CBD gummies are fruit-flavored chewable infused with cannabidiol. They are consumed through ingestion.
Can You Overdose on CBD?
CBD is well tolerated in the body; However, overconsumption may lead to dizziness, diarrhea, and nausea.
Does CBD Make You Sleepy?
CBD reduces the rate at which enzymes break down melatonin. In return, it allows the hormone to linger in the bloodstream and induce sleep.
Can CBD Oil Help Manic Depression?
CBD can reduce the rate at which serotonin breaks. Elevated serotonin levels improve mood and relax the users, thus reducing depression.
Cannabidiol is a cannabis compound with various benefits to the body. It can aid sleep, alleviate stress and anxiety, and suppress pain. CBD products come in full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, or isolate CBD. The cannabis derivative is found in CBD oil drops, gummies, vapes, and cosmetics. Each product has a unique method of consumption; sublingual, ingestion, inhalation, and topical methods. Cannabis products with less than 0.2% THC are generally legal in the UK. However, buyers and sellers must conform to various product production, sale, and purchase regulations.
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